A country may become a party to one or more agreements managed by the WP.29 by filing an instrument of membership with the Secretary-General of the United Nations in accordance with the provisions of the following articles:Article 6 of the 1958 Convention; Article 9 of the 1998 Convention; Article 4 of the 1997 agreement. (The text of the above agreements is reproduced in Appendix ii, III and IV of WP.29 “WP.29 How it Works – How to Get Together” here: www.unece.org/trans/main/wp29/wp29wgs/wp29gen/wp29pub.html) The 1958 agreement is based on the principles of type reception and mutual recognition. Any country that adheres to the 1958 agreement is entitled to review and approve the design of a product regulated by a manufacturer, regardless of the country in which that component was manufactured. Each design of each manufacturer is counted as a single type. Once a member country has granted a reception by type, any other member country is required to make a requirement and to consider that vehicle or its equipment to be legal for importation, sale and use. Items received in accordance with a UN regulation are marked with an E and a number within a circle. The number indicates the country that authorized the item and other surrounding letters and numbers indicate the exact version of the regulation or the receipt number. WP.29 was established on 6 June 1952 as a working group on vehicle construction, the subsidiary body of the Internal Transport Committee (ITC) of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN-EEC). In March 2000, WP.29 became the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29). The objective of WP.29 is to adopt and follow measures to harmonize or develop technical rules on vehicles around the world.
These rules, which provide uniform conditions for regular technical inspections and strengthening economic relations around the world, are designed to improve vehicle safety; – to protect the environment; – to promote energy efficiency and improve anti-theft performance. WP.29 currently manages three UN agreements, Indeed:1. United Nations agreement of 1958 on the adoption of uniform technical rules for wheeled vehicles, equipment and parts that can be mounted and/or used on wheeled vehicles and the conditions for mutual recognition of permits issued on the basis of these provisions;2. 1998 agreement to establish comprehensive technical rules for vehicles, equipment and wheeled parts that can be mounted and/or used on wheeled vehicles3. United Nations agreement in 1997 on the adoption of uniform conditions for periodic technical inspections of wheeled vehicles and mutual recognition of these inspections. (For more information on the global role of WP.29 and its organization, see WP.29 “How it works – How to join it” at: www.unece.org/trans/main/wp29/wp29wgs/wp29gen/wp29pub.htmlor on the WP.29 homepage: www.unece.org/trans/main/welcwp29.htm) WP.29`s permanent auxiliary bodies, also known as GrRs (groups of rapporteurs), assist the Global Forum on Harmonizing Vehicle Regulation in the research, analysis and development of technical regulatory requirements in areas of their expertise. There are six subsidiary organs, as shown below:1. Noise Working Group (GRB) 2. Light and Light Signaling Working Group (GRE)3. Pollution and Energy Working Group (GRPE)4. Brake and Landing Gear Working Group (GRRF)5. General Safety Requirements Working Group (GSG)6.
Passive Security Working Group (PHMR)Each ancillary device is made up of people with expertise in the area covered by the organization. All proposals to WP.29 regarding new regulations or amendments to existing UN regulations are forwarded by the World Forum to its subsidiary bodies for the development of technical recommendations. Given the importance of the role of these subsidiary bodies, they have been granted permanent status under the UN-EEC and have recently been renamed “working groups”.